A febrile convulsion is a seizure associated with the high temperature of the body without having any severe effects on other parts of the body. The most common attack of children between the ages of three months to six years. Mostly these seizures are very short time, and their duration is less than five minutes, and the child is entirely back to his original position within sixty minutes. These febrile may run in families. Studies reveal that these health problems not affect the brain and the metabolism issues of the child. The seizures are of two types, simple and complex febrile seizures. The simple febrile appears on the healthy children’s with the time of around twenty-four hours. The complex seizure might have severe effects on the brain. Complicating features of the recent seizure involve more than fifteen minutes. The neurologist is mostly approached in complex seizures for immediate evaluation. The genetic disorder is the factor behind the febrile seizure. However, no such pattern of inheritance or particular locus has been described. Inheritance mode may likely vary among families and might be multifactor.
Febrile seizures are the most common disorders in childhood. In the early twentieth century, people often debated that those children should be treated with anti-convulsing therapy, which might help them in the speedy recovery. According to the Epidemiologic, research finds that there are three kinds of febrile seizures, including simple, complex, and symptomatic seizures (Annegers, 1987). Before and after the seizure most of the children are healthy neurologically and developmentally. It is necessary to check that a child should not have signs of a stiff neck and persistent change in mental status. For that matter, it is advised by the experts that, febrile seizures should be described to help parents regarding the kinds of particular febrile seizures. There must have focused on the duration and history of the fever, along with the potential exposures to the illness. The cause of the disease should be elucidated like gastroenteritis and viral infections. The use of new antibiotics is also essential to reveal the results of already treated meningitis. Most experts sought things like developmental delay, history of the seizure, exciting problems, and other causes such as ingestion and trauma to deal with the problem of febrile seizure. A family with a history of forfeiture can affect the health of the child, and it can transfer the same seizure to the children. Similarly, those children that have compound seizures might have a higher risk of epilepsy than that those kids who are free from the febrile seizure.
The relation of the febrile seizure with the academic and intellectual performance was thoroughly explained in sibling control studies. Around four hundred and thirty-one pairs of the sibling were examined at the age of seven years. Full-scale IQ on the intelligence scales of Wechsler was not different for those children who are engulfed by the seizures as compared to those children, which are free from the seizure (Berg, 1997). Those seizures that are lasting for thirty minutes or recurrent were engaged with the deficit of IQ. As affected by the comparison of the children’s and with their siblings, the febrile seizure was not associated with the decrement of IQ or early performance of academics. However, the poor performance of academics was equally regular in control patients and index cases.
For parents, there are specific points they must note while dealing with the sick child or healthy infant. Do not try to control the child’s convulsion; instead of this make, it ensures that it is in a safe place, where he/she cannot hit the furniture and move the toys as well. During the seizure, never try to put into the mouth of the child anything like hand or medicine. Old wives observed that a child might bite his tongue, but it will not swallow it. Lay down the child on his/her particular side so that vomiting could come out of his mouth. Concerned people advised that immediate medical attention always requires for children in this regard contact with a possible helpline or with the hospital (Shinnar, 2002). If the child is not breathing or the seizure, lasts more than five minutes do not hesitate to approach all the possible medical staff. Mostly the seizure is resolved by itself, however; it is common that for long seizures medical administers may provide anti-seizure medication. The most important for the parent’s present before the child keep their eye on the clock during the time of seizure, So that they might be able to tell the clinical staff the exact duration of the seizure. Children in this condition often lose their consciousness, but their eyes remain open. Mostly it also happens that with the closure of the eyes and with a deep breath, the seizure ended (Offringa, 1994). Noting this point is an essential factor for people standing nearby the child. It is also necessary that children receive immediate medical attention like from children specialists or emergency staff to know the real cause of sickness. In many cases, fever might be occurred as a side effect after using vaccines. Those are MMR, and measles mumps, and rubella vaccination. A bacterial infection like that of those that appear on routine infection of the ear is usually the cause affecting child health.
However, the parents are confident with the fever for the comfort of the child by the prescription of the doctor’s the clinicians discourages with overly antagonistic medication for the prevention of the seizure (Scheffer, 1997). Most cases reveal that while medicines with anti-seizure treatment are not specified which is necessary for the recovery of the child. Studies show that research on these issues does not support such kind of preventive measures. It will not decrease the risk attached to febrile seizures. In a case where a child is facing more than one seizure, is not a problem for parents to be fear instead it is a typical kind, which has no drawbacks on the long-term health of the child. Studies concluded that a boy was having the seizure at the age of sixteen months but it was eradicated at the age of four years. He used medications according to the recommendation of the doctors concerned with his illness. The seizure of the boy lasted for a minute, but it was felt like that of a lifetime. A specialist of febrile seizures, Sittner says that she feels comforted knowing regarding those children having the seizure are developmentally healthy with the lesser risk of enhancing the seizure in their later life.
Concluding the detailed discussion on the problem of febrile seizures, it is worth mentioning that family anxiety and deficiency are the causes that develop the seizure in their children. Even families with higher status have the same problem. Education regarding child seizure is necessary at the time of child’s presentation to allow the resumption of normal family functions, especially for those parents who have recently witnessed the seizure. Written information and regular visits should be there after the revelation of the seizure to revisit entire related facts and necessary aid. During the follow-up, visits it can be recognized that particular anxiety is a normal function, and inquiries regarding the functioning of current families can be made. Febrile seizures are frequent among children, and discussion at well-baby visits can help in decreasing the sickness and the disorders of the children.