Atheism can be defined as the absence of any belief regarding the existence of divine or spiritual power. In other way, it can also refer as the rejection of all the beliefs in the world which follows the existence of any deities. The one who belong to this mind set call themselves an atheist which rejects all the religions and the opposite of atheism is theism. In theism, the one beliefs in at least one deity existence. Particularly, atheism is not a belief regarding the rejection of God’s existence nor it indicates any specific belief of the person who belongs to his mind set. It simply the opinion in which a person reject the possibility that God exist. There’s a common misunderstanding that it’s a belief rather it’s a lack of belief. Furthermore, the discussion will covers the perspectives of atheism from boarder to narrow version with outcomes of the consequences and problems affiliated with it (Shelley, 2015).
All the three major religions in the world Christianity, Judaism and Islam indicates in the presence of one God and this beliefs confirms that the only one God is the creator of the whole universe. Everything which had happen, happening and will happen is in control of that God and He is the sovereign on all the creations by him. It includes all the human beings and other living creatures who are dependent on Him (Cotter, 2015). These religions have defined the morality and immorality according to His teaching. Under this power, it is to believe that the belief on one God is absolute without any question and all the living creatures will answer to all the acts done during the specific time period given by Him. For understanding the atheism, the belief of all rejection must first comes under consideration and all the belief mentioned have been rejected by atheism. The existence of God or the spiritual being by claiming it untrue because no empirical evidence gives birth to the mind set of atheism (Zimmerman et al., 2015).
Atheism is also been described otherwise if considered it is not only about the existence of God that few of the researchers also claimed that the variation of atheism depends on the person’s belief strength. If the acceptance of God’s existence exists but the acts which are not been done under the command described by the religious laws it is also comes under the atheism. There are few of the religions which beliefs in no God but also holds the status of religion including Buddhism. But the modern definition contradicts such conditions (Doane and Elliott, 2015). The ranges of atheism are divided among philosophical, historical and social approaches. These approaches explain that philosophically the lack of evidence of the existence of God, the social approach rejects the notion of divine power when it comes to all the evil around the world and the historical approach showed the concern of inconsistence of the revelations from the God. The philosophy of secular humanism argues that both atheist and theist shares the equal burden when it comes to provide the proof whether the existence of God is true or not. The Global perspective regarding the atheism have showed the variation in the results when it comes to the evidence of the people how belongs to atheism. The atheism population mostly exists in China which comes in the East Asia and Australia is on tope when it comes to whites. The other perspective shows that so far 2% of the world population identify themselves as Atheist (LaBouff and Ledoux, 2016).
The criticism of religion brings the atheism among the general population. There are several reason due to which people attracts towards the atheism. Those reasons includes that that they declare untrue because lack of evidence and leading a life on the falsehood is what atheist people thinks about religion. According to them there’s no rational way of thinking in religion, the other reason they declare religion is not sufficient because it make people rely on something they haven’t seen rather depending on themselves (Froese, 2014). Many wars have been fought on the basis of religion which they think is the negative aspect of it. The other reason is religion doesn’t promote democracy which is against the basic rights of people and their liberty. The last and most important argument is that religion discriminate among women and the gay people. Apart from all these, atheist also willingly take interest in religious things such art and music, charities, wisdom and togetherness (Langston, Hammer and, Cragun, 2015). Those who get influenced by this mind set belongs to different types such as those who are intellectual who without any empirical evidence refuse to believe in God. Then comes the non-intellectual who got influenced by the upbringing and education by their parents. The culture in which they were born have the common mind set of not believing in God. The example is China’s culture in which it is common for anyone for being an atheist (Miedema and Bertram-Troost, 2015).
The national perspective of atheism concerned with the country like Pakistan is a big concern and have influenced greatly on people’s lives. The survey on those people who are atheist suggests the danger to people who are atheist is a life threatening mater. Despite of growing threats still there are many people who behind doors are united and provide support to each other. The support also been provided to them from outside the country. The views of atheist people shared online mostly but the government have also launched the cybercrime bill to track down people who post such content online should be caught (Salamon, 2015). The result of this law came right after when one person was caught and sentenced to death because he posted content related to atheism on social media. The other examples is 6 activist were abducted mysteriously because they also expressed their views regarding the atheism. This shows that in Pakistan a good citizen should also be a good Muslim. Pakistan was founded in 1947 and it came into being as an Islamic nation. But after the 1956, the constitution is declared fully Islamic which have turned into a worrying state for Atheist in the country. From that onwards the practice of Islam became visible and people adopted the Saudi style of practicing their faith (Kakabadse, Korac-Kakabadse and Khan, 2015).
According to Islam, being an atheist is not particularly considered to be a sin claimed many modern Muslim scholars. But still it is life threatening thing and many people have lost their lives when people found out that those people turned into atheist. That is why they meet secretly and share their views without sharing them on public in order to avoid the people to declare death able sin and government to sentenced imprisonment to those people who are atheist. The change in religious view happens for several reasons sometimes peer influence, poverty and any social incident which changes the religious of any person (Reetz, 2017).
The belief system works different from everyone. The world is full of people and everyone holds different perspective from another. The theories from the scientific methods gives the evidence but the belief one holds is depends on the perspective of any human which is not compulsory to be backed by evidence. The scientific system requires collection of data and creating the hypothesis which leads to investigation. But it’s not important for beliefs to be backed by anything except one personal’s thoughts. There’s no law which can stop anyone to hold any belief. According to me, it’s the psychology of any person really matters when it comes to atheism. The different between believers and non-believers that believers are the one who strongly believe on their intuitive thoughts and on the other hand the atheist people are more likely to see facts and proofs before believing on anything. While going over the theory of mind in which the research shows the empathy comes from people who are mostly religious and when it comes to gender, females are more religious as compared to males. But it’s all about the culture and upbringing of someone who created attributes in any human being. Research shows that theory of mind only took one indicator but both people are normal but it’s all about the psychology of people and what they choose to believe (Foster, Megoran and Dunn, 2017). The morality and ethics is already present in every human being but religion helps in bringing that out as a motivator force. There are number of people no matter what they believe teach their children about the morality and become a good citizen. The condition in Pakistan is not very favorable for atheist and this influences the image of religious people. Belief are the personal thing and they should only spread the humanity rather hate. The only thing which gives the negative aspect of religion is extremism in what they believe otherwise the teaching is to spread love (Speed, Coleman III and Langston, 2018).
The consequences of being an atheist is mainly in the social life of a person. The place and the people around matters when a person changes the belief. Spain can be the example where the culture teaches people that religion is a personal thing so people never interrupts in the religion affairs of others. But the country like Pakistan a person is not free to believe in anything. Atheism influences social life and even it can create threats (Doane and Elliott, 2015). There are several cases in which the atheist was caught by the people and lynched. Even the law didn’t spare anyone who try to change his/her religion and chose any other belief. Other countries which are developed and gives the right of freedom of speech gives all the citizen leverage to everyone to choose anything they want to believe. As mentioned above the problem which always influence the people who belong to atheism that they face social hatred by other people who belong to any religion. This influences everything from the job to studies to relatives. That is why they have to lie about what their thoughts are and if they are willing to follow any religion. The possible course of action is to create awareness and promote the tolerance (Delfino, 2015).
The conclusion is that the right of people should not be violated and it’s the basic right of people regarding the freedom to believe and speech. Atheism is simply the opinion in which a person reject the possibility that God exist. There’s a common misunderstanding that it’s a belief rather it’s a lack of belief. Religion includes all the human beings and other living creatures who are dependent on Him. These religions have defined the morality and immorality according to His teaching. Under this power, it is to believe that the belief on one God is absolute without any question and all the living creatures will answer to all the acts done during the specific time period given by Him. For understanding the atheism, the belief of all rejection must first comes under consideration and all the belief mentioned have been rejected by atheism. As mentioned, Global perspective regarding the atheism have showed the variation in the results when it comes to the evidence of the people how belongs to atheism. Those claim religion is not good because many wars have been fought on the basis of religion which they think is the negative aspect of it. The other reason is religion doesn’t promote democracy which is against the basic rights of people and their liberty. The last and most important argument is that religion discriminate among women and the gay people. The culture in which they were born have the common mind set of not believing in God. The example is China’s culture in which it is common for anyone for being an atheist. It’s the psychology of any person really matters when it comes to atheism. The different between believers and non-believers that believers are the one who strongly believe on their intuitive thoughts and on the other hand the atheist people are more likely to see facts and proofs before believing on anything.