Oceans are one of the most expensive gifts of nature. There are many ways it can give us benefit and the most highlighted ones are providing quality food and fats transportation ways. From a perspective of the human eye as well as nature, many oceanographers, as well as the scientists who are currently active in studying ocean pollution and concerned about its health, have explained that the earth’s oceans are deadly polluted and in many areas of the world, the death of fish is increased. The main topic of this essay is the discussion of the general pollution of the oceans. The oceanic ecosystem is highly damaged by all this, and a huge number of natural death of fish and sea creatures is happening, which is an alarming situation. The main aim of the paper is to discuss ocean health and the general pollution of the oceans and the ways to prevent and reduce it.
Pollution was not a concern in the past because of less industry and the unnatural use of natural resources. The general discussion of water pollution started when big cities started to pollute the rivers and streams. Water pollution intensified during the industrial revolution. It took a century to cause deadly effects on ocean health. The natural causes of ocean pollution could be neglected because the organic pollutants are dissolved in the water and don’t cause any deadly effects on a larger scale. There are outnumbered problems raised because of the ocean pollution on the ocean’s ecosystem as well as the coastal areas.
In history, scientists have assumed that the seas and the oceans are extremely big and humans are very less and ineffective in causing any severe effects on the oceans. They assumed that it would only cause a little or minimal consequences on the oceans if a few pollutants could be thrown into it. They are assumed to be correct even now because if a little is spilt into the ocean, that makes sense but continuously, a century ago, a huge number of polluted rivers and canals were directed towards the ocean, which is a continuous cause of ocean pollutants. All four oceans and a number of connecting seas have been polluted as a result of human consequences for over millennia by now. In the past, there were a number of incidents which were the main source of pollution and damage to the oceans.
Sources of Ocean Pollution
There are outnumbered sources which are causing damage to ocean health in. The most concerning ones are the oil spills, toxic wastes, floating inorganic solid waste and nature.
Firstly nature itself is causing ocean pollution. The process started centuries when for the first time world was created. The seawater has already higher intensities of minerals and salts, which are driven from the land towards the sea because of the process of rain. It is a natural process and can neither be minimized nor ended. There are some toxic minerals and acids which came into existence due to the reactions of water with the solid rocks on the land but they happen in very less quality. They are the source of pollution to the oceans but an ineffective one.
Now comes human activities. One of the worst times for the oceans started when the first industry was started, and it’s all toxic waste, liquids, and many other pollutants that caused the rivers, lakes and oceans pollution. It is estimated that 80% of the pollution to the oceans and seas is coming from the lands.
The biggest sources of ocean pollution include nonpoint sources. The nonpoint sources include cars, boats, farms, ranches, mountains and forests. There are uncountable and ignored incidents of oil leakage of road vehicles which makes its way directed towards the seas and oceans.
Nonpoint sources could also include the incidents in which the oil tankers spill a huge quantity of crude oil in the ship. There are many incidents in the oil transportation field in which the world-known oil transportation corporation’s ships spill the oil in the seas and oceans. The cleaning was performed, but the water was found contaminated on a huge scale which made them step back instead of pointless cleaning to perform. One of the main incidents happened in the red sea, whose consequences were observed even after a half decade, and in a week, huge sea life was found dead on the Arab and African shorelines.
Mexican bay is considered as a deadly polluted sea. The most active toxins were thrown in the seawater, and there are tons of solid waste seen on the surface of the sea. It was never assumed that the effects would be that much worst, but an uncomfortable environment is considered the cause of damaging the tourism industry currently.
Dirt can be considered a pollutant. The contaminated air dissolves in the flowing water. It is harmful to the fishes and other water creatures.
Many emerging superpowers and developed countries like China, Israel and India are also one of the top performers in polluting the oceans. It is internationally known that they are not processing the liquid before spilling it into the oceans. China has started working to decrease pollution, but it is pointless because the actions are not effective over the best performers in the industry. Bombay shore is also highly polluted and no doubt in the next few years the conditions will be worst rather than improved.
Plans & Strategies for Securing Health of Oceans
In a discussion to check how healthy the overall five oceans are, the results after reviewing the facts conclude less than 60 out of 100. It means that there are great chances of improvement. A lot of ways the oceans could be cleaned. Since there are some countries which are the best performers in polluting the oceans so there are some of the best countries which are the best performers in the cleaning of the oceans, the countries whose most of the economy is coming from tourism and they are economically strong include France, USA, Australia, Mexico and England. They have started cleaning the oceans as an initiative of removing the solid waste from the coastal regions. The staff is hired which is performing in eliminating the solid waste coming from land as well as from the ocean and removes them from the shore to keep the environment tidy and clean. These tasks are known as beach sweeps. The waste is recycled and reused. The throwing of solid waste is fined by government officials.
Last year all the sea shores were seen to be highly polluted by the solid waste in the United States but after the actions of the general public, NGOs, government and social workers from all over the United States, approximately all the shores of the country are clean. The awareness to the people about the little contributions to decreasing pollution and saving the ecosystems in the oceans is also performed which is also highly effective.
Australia has the best surf riders and they are also acting as ocean cleaners by sweeping the surface of the ocean and eliminating solid waste. The government have started cash prices for the one who cleans the most.
The awareness programs for cleaning the oceans is so good and effective that people from over the planet have started performing in cleaning the oceans. Locally as well as on the international levels, the campaigns resulted in installing of recycling plants beside the oceans for recycling the waste as well as making incredible pieces of art which are sold for charity purposes as well as investment collection for enhancing the ocean cleaning performance. Most of the ocean-cleaning activities are being performed by non-government organizations with the help of public fundraising programs. Scientific research by scientists is also conducted which explains the best ways to limit ocean pollution. According to the analysts, if these activities would be performed sincerely for the next ten years then the oceans would be rated 40 out of 100 in pollution estimates.
In a nutshell, it can be explained that the health of the oceans is extremely important for the humans living on the land both in the coastal areas as well as in landlocked countries. There are many sources of ocean pollution and they are polluting the ocean currently. The highly effective is the nonpoint sources, oil tankers leakage, industry releasing toxic waste and agricultural fertilizers. All over the world including the developed as well as developing countries have discussed this issue deeply and even the UN has organized collective discussions on this point so that the problem could at least be minimized. The cleaning of oceans has been started, and the dumping of solid waste is also minimized and, in most of the developed countries, eliminated. Industries are using processing plants which throw harmless and non-toxic wastes into rivers and oceans to decrease pollution increase.