Compare and Contrast of “Alienation” and “Anomie”

“Alienation” and “Anomie”
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The specific terms of “Alienation” and “Anomie” are known as the two crucial concepts to understand the overall paradigm of society. These particular features are closely concern to the theory of suicide. These can be defined as the specific situations referring to the certain circumstances of the people by their association with the society. The proper understanding of both these concepts ultimately helps to understand the existing paradigm of society. Both the features of alienation and anomie are different from each other by considering the conceptual features. It is crucial to understand both the social terms of alienation and anomie to explain the features of differences between both these concepts. Here the focus is to compare and contrast both the concepts of alienation and anomie closely concerning to the social paradigm and critically discuss the specific remedies offered by Marx and Durkheim to deal with these particular problematic features.

It is crucial to understand the proper facet of both the social concepts of alienation and anomie to explain the feature of compare and contrast between these two considered social terms. The feature of alienation can be particularly defined as the individual’s attempt to detach or separate from oneself, other people, or from the overall paradigm of society. It can be a difficult situation for the individual as it can be the feature to trigger the aspect of suicide for the individual. It can be characterized as the specific state in which individual felt unable to connect with the overall paradigm of the modern society effectively. The feature of the alienation is the concern of behavioral patterns of someone which appears in the form of aspects of motiveless ferocity. On the other hand, Anomie is another crucial term closely concern to the theory of suicide. Durkheim effectively explains the phenomenon of the anomie and its role in the specific pattern of suicide for the individual.

The specific term of anomie was developed by French sociologist Durkheim with its connection to the theory of suicide. According to Durkheim, the concept of anomie can be described as the social state which provides the necessary indications about the features of disintegration or disappearance of the specific paradigm of different norms and values (Lopreato and Chafetz, 117). It is crucial to mention that the specific feature of values or norms is considered as the characteristics which are previously commonly applied in any society. The phenomenon of the anomie can be defined as the specific state of instability which ultimately appears in the form of itemization of different crucial standards and norms. The feature of uncertainty can also be examined in case of absence of the aims or the ideals.

It is crucial to understand that both the concepts of alienation and anomie are considered as crucial to understanding the paradigm of the theory of suicide. Both social features are closely concern to the individual’s connection with the society. Karl Marx successfully develops the theory of alienation referring to the economic and philosophic perspectives. According to Marx, different social associations can be considered in the form of a specific set which was initially developed by feudal societies. Further, he examined that the phenomenon of association drastically affected by the modern form of industrial society. Marx effectively explains this concept with the example of people as the labor work in the society. He comes up with the opinion that the value of the workers become cheaper day by day as the cost of the commodity increase created by the workers. The extensive form of devaluation in case of workers ultimately impacts their relationship with the society or the overall world. The feature of devaluation in the society is explained by Emile Durkheim in the form of the concept of anomie. The feature of anomie is different from the prospect of alienation because it comes up with the consideration of the specific form of “normalness” which can be segregated in the different social elements of different regulations. The focus of the Durkheim is to consider the social condition by different norms and values which play a crucial role in the development of the society. These specific values or norms are also important because these values provide the effective insights about the relationship between individuals and the society (Acevedo, 76). Durkheim successfully introduces the prominent concept of “Anomic Suicide.” He explained that disruption between the specific norms and the regulation of the lifestyle ultimately become the reason for the weak association between the individual and the prospect of the society. This particular disruption of connection ultimately leads the individual to the one crucial form of suicide which can be identified as the anomic suicide.

The concept of anomie is further explained in the form of anomic form of suicide while Marx explains the feature of alienation by referring to the four degrees come up by the break down the broader aspect of alienation. The first prospect can be defined in the form of product alienation which is closely related to the aspect of production. This particular feature explains that different forms of the products are not effectively aligned with the specific potential and creativity of the workers. The second aspect of alienation is related to the “act of production.” It can be defined as the individual’s approach in the industrial society in which they do not have any other option irrespective to work and experience the facet of alienation. The third facet of the alienation defines by the Marx in the form of “common purpose.” It can be referred to the aspect of alienation which appears due to the degraded feature of social association of the workers. “Alienation from humanity” is another crucial aspect of alienation. According to Marx, this type of alienation appears when an individual feel lost association with the paradigm of the society by lost the necessary sense of humanity for other individuals. Marx indicates the long working hour is the main reason for this form of alienation.

Durkheim describes the social problem of anomie as the imbalance condition of the society which comes with the consideration of “de-regulation” and “declassification.” Individuals lost their societal connections in the form of loss of necessary influence (Dohrenwend, 467). In other words, it can be characterized as the particular race which is adopted by the individual to achieve the unattainable or irrational objectives. The prospect of failure ultimately become the reason for the feature of the suicide. Proper understanding and anticipation of the environmental changes can be an effective solution to avoid the negative implications of the feature of anomie. Further, the proper association between the internal and external factors related to the regulatory power can play a crucial role in the specific behavioral patterns of the individuals. Marx defines the prospect of alienation with the consideration of the industrial approach of the society. According to him, the proper consideration of the society can play a crucial role to effectively assess and address the prevailing issue of the alienation in the individuals’ life.

To conclude this, it is crucial to mention that alienation and anomie are considered as two influential features when it comes to the association of individuals with the society. These two prospects can create problems concerning the behavioral approach of individuals. The necessary understanding between the societal paradigm and the feature of specific norms can be helpful to address the aspect of societal consideration.

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