Defensibly, any person can detect two noticeably strands in the research and study of black political activism: the first aspect mainly describes on behavioural aspects, that is individual and mass characteristics of voting or nonvoting and elections; the other aspect included more important physiological and cultural practices regarding Black politics. To expound more on black empowerment, the two factors must be investigated from the beginning in the late 1960s.
Most of African Americans were not allowed to take part in the American politics since her independence to the middle of the twenthth century. Later on, the victory over democracy and civil rights movements enabled the African Americans to participate in the politics and it became popular and very likely. They struggled to force the main political parties to acknowledge their interests as black community which also led to attempts to form of a coalition with the white Americans who seemed to advance black interest in the congress. African Americans also formed their sovereign organizations like the; antebellum Negro convention movement which was mainly for spearheading the struggle for the black political rights, the end slavery being one of the key issues.
Slavery caused wrangles and conflicts between the party that supported African American rights against the other which led to creation of the Republican party which was in support (Ronald 1988). At this point the African American laborious effort to influence the party system was a success as they got access to monetary resources, media and strategic contacts that could be used influence the government via various channels despite past challenges of negative or no feedback in cases of negotiation. With this as an advantage they considered political parties the most legitimate institution in the country.
In 1864 the national equal rights league explained the importance of politics for African Americans: “in a republican country where general suffrage is the rule, personal liberty, the right to testify in courts of law, the right to hold, buy, and sell property, and all other rights become mere privilege held at the option of others where we are expected from general liberty” (Walton 1972, 44), this boosted their confidence in the system and enhanced their continued conquest for an elevated justice for their rights and interests.
Employment and unemployment is a co-existing interest group among the black community, the percentage of those who are not able to find work were termed as unemployed personnel and in the current economy the percentage of unemployed blacks is higher than of the whites. In economies such as the United States where unequal socioeconomic conditions forces people to belong to different category of class where, wealth and incomes are dependable indicators of socioeconomic thriving. This means therefore that wealth a person owns tells something about one’s potential role in the political and economic system. The personal asset income mirrors ownership of wealth in the form of liquid assets, such as personal or real assets. Those with highly important assets would relatively have more corresponding wealth which will in turn make them have greater political power in the society.
In general, the relative success of interest groups in the political journey is dependent on a variety of factors, usually the most important factor is the nature of the membership of that specific group, which involves the main reason why you founded the group membership; that is what drives you to belong and maintain that specific group, the level of commitment and attitude towards achieving the groups goals should be outstanding. Lastly the nature of leadership in that group is a major factor to consider.
Blacks have been so much focusing on social admission, we have ignored economic empowerment. This is mainly because we don’t get to understand the true nature of discrimination. The word racism which carries the significance of being a struggle. The war between the races War have been always about the competition between a specific grouped for power, control and wealth.
Blacks have been excluded systematically in this country from taking part in the race from struggle and competitive positions and this has done nothing to assist or rather help ourselves by concentrating on social acceptance rather engaging the need for The Economic Empowerment.
The larger percentage of wealth in this country has been frozen into the white power arrangement due to the fact that it is passed down through the genesis as a family heritage, and the blacks have to accumulate their resources in order to invest in ourselves for the aspiration of super structuring more wealth.
In order to overcome this hardship, we must begin practicing black group economic vertically. This implies that we must invest in some business ownership at all and best levels. We should then start on industries which we command the spending, meaning we have the full control of the cash flow of the industry. Vertical ownership is important in the sense that the black retailers could be priced out of business if the trader and the manufacturing plants are typically owned by the outsiders, therefore there is the need for blacks to take into consideration on mindset of supporting the black-owned businesses first and lean how to disseminate the black dollar within the black community, accepting it to bounce a minimum of 13-15 times before it leaves our Economic system, that way we shall have made great progress and mindset on our black community culture.